Types of Fireplaces and Which Ones You Can Install In Your Home
More than one might be surprised that we are talking about fireplaces in the middle of summer, with temperatures that easily exceed 40º, but the concept of a fireplace as a heating system has lost much prominence compared to the most modern, most efficient and more sustainable to heat our home. This has made fireplaces have evolved enormously in recent years, from large fireplaces that generate lots of waste and take up a lot of space, to portable fireplaces that we can control from our mobile.
The word home comes from the Latin “focus”, which also means fire. Since the origins of western culture, houses have always had a living flame, usually located in the center of the house. This relationship between home and fire has been disappearing over time, since the needs for light and heat have been met with safer and simpler solutions, but fire continues to have a hypnotic and relaxing effect on people. Fireplaces are increasingly an element of design and decoration, an object that invites the meeting and comfort of those around you.
1. Wood fireplaces
The ones of a lifetime, the ones we all know and how nice they are to light on a winter day. Wood-burning fireplaces are still being installed today, but it is less and less common to find them in modern homes.
These types of fireplaces are the ones that generate the most heat of all and with a small fireplace you can get to heat a room completely. Unfortunately, it has many drawbacks that make it less attractive to the buyer. Among these disadvantages we find:
- Generates a large amount of waste, mainly ash.
- You need space to store firewood. By lighting the fireplace daily, firewood consumption can reach one ton per month.
- The temperature is hardly adjustable.
- The exit of smoke to the deck is mandatory and requires a draft of at least 200mm in diameter, which with the insulation (mandatory) is already going to 250-300mm.
- They cannot be neglected. Fire must be fueled often to keep it alive and if neglected can cause accidents.
- Its energy efficiency is very low. Most of the heat generated is lost by the shot.
- They require work to install.
- Some of these problems are solved with the placement of doors, draft regulators or heat recuperators, for this reason, the majority of wood fireplaces that are currently installed are of the cassette type.
2. Gas fireplaces
They are the next step to classic wood burning fireplaces. These types of fireplaces are widespread throughout Europe, but in Spain they have not yet been as successful as they should be. Its operation is as simple as that of a kitchen stove and can use the same gas.
3. Bioethanol fireplaces
The third option, next to the wood and gas fireplace, to have real fire.Bioethanol is a fuel obtained from the fermentation of materials rich in carbohydrates (sugars) and its combustion is clean. This means that the emissions from these chimneys are not harmful and, therefore, it is not necessary to install a draft.
Bioethanol fireplaces are an extraordinary alternative to traditional fireplaces and gas fireplaces, since we obtain real flames (for the decorative effect) and at the same time have an energy efficiency of 100%, since having no draft, all the heat generated stays in the room where the fireplace is. In addition to this, bioethanol fireplaces do not require installation, nothing at all, it is like buying any other piece of furniture, we take it out of the box and place it wherever we want. We are therefore talking about portable fireplaces, with calorific value, with real flame, with regulation and without any installation.
4. Electric fireplaces
The flames are over and the heat is over, the small electric fireplaces are merely decorative elements, they are imitations of a real fireplace. It is true that most models of small electric fireplace have the possibility of generating heat, but this is done through an electrical resistance and that is a huge expense if we want to heat, for example, an entire room. In these cases, it is better to deactivate the heating function or even forget that they have it if we do not want to get a scare on the electricity bill.
The biggest advantage of these fireplaces compared to their competitors is that they are 100% safe. As there is no real fire, there are no fumes, no waste, no fuel, no maintenance, no cleaning, and, of course, a shot is not necessary, also when connected to the network we can implement them in the home automation system of our home and get to manage them from our mobiles. The simplest electric fireplaces are flat, that is, they are screens with fire images, but the most common today are 3D electric fireplaces that mimic fire through flashing sets of LED lights and, in some cases, include also fake firewood that simulates, also with light, burning.